Back in Time: Korea 100 Years Ago
A few months back I posted a series of photos about China in the 1800s and 1900s. I am a huge photography and history fan and so I decided to do the same thing with photos from Korea! Korea has a very interesting history and undergone a huge transformation: the Korean Ware, separation between North and South Korea, development in the south and dictatorship in the North. You can find more related pictures in my Pinterest album 1900s Korea.
Korean women going out (1904)
“The inscription imprinted on the postcard in Japanese characters indicates an outing of ‘Pyongyang’ women.
The big objects over women’s heads were used to hide their face and to protect from sunshine or rain.”
Empress Myeongseong (19 October 1851 – 8 October 1895)
After Japan’s victory in the First Sino-Japanese War, Queen Min advocated stronger ties between Korea and Russia in an attempt to block Japanese influence in Korea.
The Eulmi Incident is the term used for the assassination of Empress Myeongseong, which occurred in the early hours of 8 October 1895 at Okho-ru in the Geoncheonggung, which was the rear private royal residence inside Gyeongbokgung Palace.
US-Korean Relations, 1883
In the 1900s, thousands of Americans came to Korea to work locals as officials in the Korean government, as Christian missionaries, as medical doctors, as educators, as businessmen, etc.
The earliest American company set up in Korea was the Gulf of America, which took over copper mines in Kapsan, near Mt. Baiktu, in the 1890s. The mines had been in operation since 1782 and the Americans modernized and expanded the mining operation.
Seduced by the Gisaeng
Gisaeng were officially sanctioned Korean female prostitutes who worked to entertain officials and kings.
First appearing in the Goryeo Dynasty, kisaeng were legally entertainers of the government, required to perform various functions for the state. Many were employed at court, but they were also spread throughout the country.
These girls were carefully trained, and frequently accomplished in the fine arts, poetry, and prose, although their talents were often ignored due to their inferior social status.
Korea’s 1948 Yeosu-Suncheon Rebellion
Two years before the Korean Civil War which divided the country into two, a brutal rebellion in the young Korean republic paved the way for the cataclysmic Korean War to come.
The Yeosu-Suncheon Rebellion, as it came to be called, took place in October 1948, when communist rebels — many of whom had been in the American-trained Korean Army — revolted against the (authoritarian) government of President Syngman Rhee. (Life.com)
Korean War 1950 – 1953
The war between North and South Korea, in which the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, also assisted by the Soviet Union, resulted in the division of Korea at the end of World War II and from the global tensions of the Cold War that developed immediately afterwards.
The Korean War took a heavy toll—up to a total of 5 million dead, wounded, or missing, and half of them civilians.
During the Korean War, like in other wars, prostitutes were available and became more available the farther back from the front line a soldier was. Venereal diseases were a constant fear of the military, and many men contracted them.